All About Skin

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Oily skin

Oily skin produces more oil than it needs. This oil is a magnet for debris, such as skin cells, makeup and pollution, which then cause congestion inside the pores. Over time, the congestion becomes hardened, just like plaque on your teeth. Look for facials that include a chemical exfoliant (glycolic acid or salicylic acid.) This will penetrate into the pores and melt the congestion. Oily skin also needs extractions to remove any hardened debris within the pores (so long, blackheads!) But don’t try this at home. Extractions are something your esthetician is trained to do safely as part of your facial.

Combination skin

GDF’s favorite skin type to work with, combination skin, has both oily and dry areas, so these areas need to be treated separately. Enzyme, chemical or even microdermabrasion exfoliants work very well, GDF says. Extractions are also needed (usually in the T-zone) to remove congestion, and a professional treatment mask, such as freeze-dried collagen to replenish lost water and soothe the skin.

Sensitive skin

“We have to be careful working with sensitive skin,” GDF notes. All skin needs exfoliation to remove built-up dead skin, but this needs to be done gently. Facials that use enzymes to exfoliate work very well, because they don’t irritate the skin. Also look for products that don’t have excessive fragrances or irritants in them.

Mature skin

Mature skin can be challenging. It can be oily/acne prone, dry/dehydrated or a multitude of skin type combinations. Mature skin also slows down (cell production, circulation), so there are many issues to address. Your esthetician will first treat the type of skin (oily, dry, combination, normal).Then she will have to focus on that slowing process to increase circulation and saturate the skin with antioxidants, vitamins and minerals for healthier, younger looking skin.

Dry skin

Dry skin needs many different treatments, GDF explains. Dry skin lacks natural lipids or oils, making it prone to dehydration. Because of this lack of water, the skin’s natural exfoliating cycle slows down. Facials that include gentle exfoliation (i.e. with enzymes) are a great way to take your skin from flakey to fabulous. Dry skin also needs both oil and water to balance it out, so GDF suggests looking for facials that include masks, which will help penetrate product into the skin. One example is a mask that will rubberize. It may sound a little strange, but any product you put under this type of mask will be pushed into the skin as the mask hardens, leaving your skin feeling hydrated and refreshed.

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Dry Skin Care Tips and Advice

Dry skin is a common condition that occurs when there is not enough oil or moisture produced by the oil glands. It is characterized by red, rough and sometimes itchy and cracked dry skin. It’s not only a great cause of discomfort but can be embarrassing as well, especially if it appears on the most exposed parts of the body like the face, neck, hands, arms and legs.

It can also show up on your thighs, abdomen, soles and scalp. You can have dry skin at any time but it can get worse during the winters (see below). Without proper dry skin care, it can develop into serious skin conditions.

What Causes Dry Skin?

In most cases, dry skin is genetic. Healthy skin should have a balanced amount of moisture coming from the sweat glands and oil from the sebaceous glands forming over the surface of the skin to prevent moisture loss.

But not everyone has skin that exhibits these perfect qualities. If the oil glands produce a surplus of sebum, the skin becomes oily.

On the other hand, when the skin loses its ability to lock in oil and water which are essential elements that maintain skin’s softness, it results to dry skin.

There are several factors that contribute to this and other reasons for skin dryness.

  1. Environment – whenever there is low humidity, either caused by cold winter weather or artificial heat inside the home or office, moisture from the topmost layer of the skin evaporates, leaving the skin parched. Sunburn caused by too much exposure to ultraviolet radiation, can also leave the skin dry and seriously damaged.
  2. Genetics – same as the tendency of having acne, the possibility of having dry skin lies in the genes of your parents. Unlike others, your sweat glands are incapable of creating enough moisture or your skin doesn’t have the capacity to hold on to water normally.
  3. Aging – when people become older, the skin also matures and the natural oil is lessened. In effect, the skin loses its ability to contain moisture.
  4. Bathing habits – long baths in hot water can strip off the skin’s natural oil and moisture. Using harsh soaps or chemicals found in some skin care products is another reason. Too much scrubbing is also bad for the skin, leaving it dry and irritated.
  5. Unhealthy diets – deficiency of vitamins (such as Vitamin A, D and Potassium) needed in maintaining healthy skin may cause dryness. Excessive drinking of alcoholic and caffeinated beverages may also lead to this.
  6. Other health or skin problems – dry skin can sometimes be the result of certain illnesses such as asthma, thyroid disorder or diabetes. Then again, it can also be the sign of a more serious skin condition such as eczema, psoriasis, athlete’s foot and allergies.

How Should I Care For Dry Skin?

Most of the time, dry skin is caused by outside factors which is why it can be easily taken care of using external skin treatment. Revamping your everyday regimen will help improve and give you smooth and supple skin all over.

There are also a long list of dry skin treatment and home remedies that will help relieve itch and flakiness. To bring you out of your misery and prevent it from bothering you again, here are some simple but helpful skin care tips:

  • Shorten your bath time. Five or ten minutes a day will do while adjusting the water temperature to lukewarm or tepid. The same temperature applies for hand washing. Skip the hot tub and bubble baths. Instead, use gentle, soap-free and creamy cleansers with moisturizers in it, both for the face and body. Avoid the ones that are heavily scented because artificial fragrance can also irritate and dry out your skin.
  • Apply moisturizer often. After taking a bath or shower, pat your skin gently using a towel and leave it damp. Generally, the moisture dries off in 3 to 5 minutes after. So, while your skin is still moist and your pores are open, slather a generous amount of skin moisturizer or lotion to your face and whole body.Note: The best moisturizer for dry skin should have an oily or creamy consistency like shea butter. Olive oil is also one of the most effective natural dry skin remedies because of its moisturizing, anti-bacterial and antioxidant properties that closely resemble the oil produced in the skin. Use it as a natural moisturizer, bath oil or face mask. You can also combine it with other essential oils like lavender, evening primrose oil or Vitamin E for an extended shelf life and added benefits.
  • Use a humidifier in your room. Especially during winter, the air becomes dry and gets even worse with heaters or the heat from the fireplace. At least 30% relative humidity is needed by the skin to stay moisturized. Keep your doors shut to prevent the humidity from escaping.
  • Soothe, not scratch! Dry skin can be so itchy and irritating. Do not give in to the urge of scratching because you can end up with cuts that can easily get infected and prolong the healing process. To relieve itchy skin, apply a cold compress or Hydrocortisone cream over the dry patches. Aloe Vera gel is also an effective dry skin treatment that relieves itching, dryness and inflammation.
  • Watch your diet and water intake. If you are suffering from a vitamin deficiency, better consult your nutritionist for a complete meal plan that will restore your body of the nutrients needed to maintain healthy skin. Skin foods are rich in Vitamin A or Beta Carotene (carrots, spinach, citrus fruits), Potassium (banana, tomatoes, potatoes, squash), Vitamin E (corn, asparagus, sunflower oil, oats) and essential fatty acids such as Omega-3 (in walnuts, flaxseed, salmon). Also, drinking lots of water will keep your skin hydrated from the inside.

If despite trying the above, your skin remains parched or itchy without any signs of a rash or you have developed open wounds and sores because of scratching, go to your doctor immediately for a proper diagnosis. There could be another reason for your condition and this should be addressed as soon as possible with the appropriate skin treatment.

Vitamin C Beauty Benefits

Improves Skin Tone and can Repair Skin Damage

While you’ve likely been focusing on getting all of your  vitamins via your nutrition, the good news is vitamins are also beneficial to  your skin through skin care products! One of the most popular vitamin additions  to skin care products is Vitamin C. This anti aging vitamin has been studied  and confirmed as being an extremely effective addition to skin care routines.  When antioxidant Vitamin C is added to your skin, it helps your skin get rid of  free radicals. Since free radicals can greatly damage your skin, the use of  Vitamin C is vital to your skin health! In addition, Vitamin C can help your  body rev up its production of collagen.

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Beauty Benefits of  Vitamin C

On a beauty note, adding Vitamin C to your skin care routine  can help you look great on many levels. The topical use of Vitamin C  revitalizes your skin, allowing for improvement in the tone and texture! You  will instantly look younger with smooth and silky skin on your face and body. It  works to protect you against UVB rays and can help you combat sun damage,  wrinkles and photodamage. These are some of the most common skin worries of  women today.

Effective Topical  Products with Vitamin C For Skin Care

Cosmetic gurus and their sources are taking note of the  power behind Vitamin C and are adding it and its derivatives to many products  on the market. Derivatives like ascorbyl palmitate and ascorbic acid are  commonly used, because they are less irritating than Vitamin C itself. Those  with sensitive skin can still reap the protection and natural benefits of  Vitamin C, without any irritation.

Beneficial Vitamin C  in Cosmetics

When you start your venture for Vitamin C induced skin care  products, there are a few things to remember. First, remember there are many  claims being made from various companies on their skin care products. To find  the best products with Vitamin C, be sure to look at the color of the product.  Those products with a yellow or brown tint should be avoided. Vitamin C often  turns these colors when exposed to air and thus becomes ineffective in creating  collagen and elastic.

Vitamin C Offers  Cosmetic Benefits

Many women would rather sit through a chemical peel or a  microdermabrasion session for skin care repair and conditioning. However, using  a daily Vitamin C product can help you repair and prep your skin everyday. You  can get products which include Vitamin C derivatives (L-ascorbic acid and  others) for use at home. Therefore, you can continuously reap the benefits of  Vitamin C, without heading to the spa.

7 Tips for Makeup Application Last All Day

 

Most women would prefer to have to apply their makeup once in the morning and have it last all day long.  Unfortunately, by midday, it is usually faded, smeared or smudged, and in need of a major refreshing.  However, there are some things you can do to help your makeup last longer.  Certain tricks and techniques will prevent you from having to do major repairs halfway through the day.

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What Are the Biggest  Problems With Getting Makeup to Last?

As the day wears on and we are exposed to sun and wind and fresh air, the  skin on our faces will produce more oil, which breaks down the makeup we so  carefully applied earlier.  Being able to  control oil and shine will help keep the foundation on and keep the skin tone  even.  Certain cosmetics products, like  mineral makeup, will often last longer because of the natural ingredients and  their ability to control the shine.
Also, eye makeup will often smudge or smear if we rub our  eyes.  Plus, if the right techniques are  not used to apply eyeliner and eye shadow, unsightly creases will appear,  making the makeup look less fresh and clumpy, and it may even start to flake  off.

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What Can You Do to  Help Makeup Last?

If you want your makeup to last all day long, then you need to use better  techniques to apply.  Using the right  beauty products in the right combination, perhaps with a quick midday touch-up,  will help you have a face that looks as fresh at the end of the day as it did  when you started.

Tips for How to Makeup Last All Day

  1. Start  with a perfectly clean face.  Never  apply fresh makeup over yesterday’s leftovers.   You should have washed your face the night before, so all you have to do  is use a toner to remove any oils that may have been created overnight.
  2. Use the  right moisturizer.  Choose a  moisturizer that is right for your skin type (e.g., normal, oily,  combination).  Don’t forget to always use  a moisturizer with an SPF of 15 or greater—protecting your face from sun  exposure is super important for maintaining your beauty and reducing the aging  and damaging effects of sun exposure.
  3. Use  makeup primers to help smooth skin.  Primers  help to fill in small lines and wrinkles and make the skin ready to have makeup  applied.  Primers can help to even out  skin tone, minimize redness and help to conceal under eye bags and puffiness.
  4. Apply foundation evenly.  Choose a good foundation product, again, one  that is appropriate for your skin type.   Apply evenly, using a sponge rather than your fingers.  Try mineral based products for best results.
  5. Use  powder.  After applying foundation,  use a translucent powder to “set” the foundation and help prevent it from  breaking down due to skin oils.  Apply  the powder to your eyelids as well, to control the oils that will be created in  the eyelid area which will prevent creasing of the eye makeup as the day wears  on.
  6. Avoid  touching your face.  Resist the urge  to rub your eyes or touch your face during the day.  Not only are you likely to smear or smudge  your makeup, but the oils and dirt from your hands will cause the makeup to not  last as long.
  7. Touch up  as needed.  A quick lunchtime touch  up with a powder compact and disposable blotting papers can help to absorb the  oils that your skin has created in the T-Zone (forehead, nose and chin), and  give you a fresh clean look that will last for the rest of the day.  Lightly apply another layer of translucent  powder by dabbing, not rubbing.  Also,  take a quick moment to reapply your lipstick, and you are ready to go!

You won’t have to worry about having that “end of the day”  look if you take the time to apply your makeup properly in the morning and just  take a few moments for a quick touch up in the middle of the day!  Help your makeup last by doing it right the  first time!